When Debomitra and I decided to build our career in the Food Science department, all we knew were just two words – Food Science! When we dived in to understand our career options, we were bombarded with different choices within Food Science and related questions.

What is it? Should I choose nutrition, chemistry, biology, microbiology, etc.? How will I make a career out of it? We navigated through this arena of food science and are now serving as professionals within the sector. We soon realized many young students, professionals, etc., like us, are trying to navigate this sector. Therefore, we are starting a series focusing on different sectors in Food Science and your career options in each sector.

Food science is the study of the physical, biological, and chemical makeup of food and the principles of food processing and preservation. It includes the study of microorganisms, food safety, and food engineering. Food scientists may work in research and development, quality control, or food production, specializing in sensory analysis, food packaging, or fermentation science.

There are several different sectors within the field of food science, including:

  • Research and Development: Food scientists in this sector work on developing new products and improving existing ones.
  • Quality Control: Food scientists in this sector ensure that food products meet safety and quality standards.
  • Food Production: Food scientists in this sector work in manufacturing plants to develop and implement processes for producing food products.
  • Sensory Analysis: Food scientists in this sector evaluate the taste, texture, and other sensory properties of food products.
  • Food Packaging: Food scientists in this sector develop and design packaging materials and methods to protect and preserve food products.
  • Fermentation Science: Food scientists in this sector study the process of fermentation, which is used to produce a wide range of food products, such as yogurt, bread, beer, and wine.
  • Food Safety: Food scientists in this sector help ensure that food products are safe to consume by monitoring and controlling potential hazards such as bacteria, viruses, and chemical contamination.
  • Food Engineering: Food scientists in this sector use engineering principles to design and develop food processing equipment and systems.
  • Nutrition: Food Scientists in this sector study nutrients and how they affect human health and well-being.
  • Analytical Science: Food Scientists in this sector use various analytical techniques like chromatography, spectroscopy, and microscopy to investigate the composition and quality of food products

We will break down each sector in the upcoming articles and explore different career options within these sectors.

TFTC is a food communication website curating original Food Science and Technology content. Do you enjoy reading our work? If yes, then do follow us on social media. And stay informed and connected. Till then, Stay safe, and take care! 

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